Willkommen zum Fukushima-Info- und -Diskussions-Forum des physikBlogs.

Die Zahl der Kommentare auf unsere Fukushima-Beiträge ist jenseits der 1000er Marke. Es wird zu unübersichtlich!
Daher gibt's dieses Forum, bei dem ihr über den Unfall von Fukushima kommentieren könnt, was das Zeug hält!

Zu einer kleinen Einführung, hier entlang.

Ihr seid neu hier? Das physikBlog hat in vier Artikeln den Unfall von Fukushima begleitet. Eine Lektüre, zumindest des Aktuellsten, empfiehlt sich vor dem Mitdiskutieren!

Es sei erwähnt, dass wir bei der Moderation der Kommentare hier weniger streng sind, als im Blog. Ihr seid freier in eurer Themenwahl.

Viel Spaß, André & Andi vom physikBlog.

Artikel zur japanischen Gesellschaft im Zusammenhang mit Fukushima
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    Hier ist ein eigener Thread dazu.

    Für die unter euch, die sich auch um die indirekten und gesellschaftlichen Auswirkungen interessieren.
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > Energie sparen ohne Krawatte

    In Japan sind gut 60 Prozent der 54 Atomkraftwerke derzeit vom Netz. Strom sparen gehört in der Region Kanto zum Alltag, rund um Tokio ist Energie knapp.

    8 Minuten Audiobeitrag

  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > Japan Admits 3 Nuclear Meltdowns, More Radiation Leaked into Sea; U.S. Nuclear Waste Poses Deadly Risks

    “What they failed to mention is that they discharged an equally large amount into the ocean,” says our guest Robert Alvarez, former senior policy adviser to the U.S. Secretary of Energy. “As [the radiation] goes up the food chain, it accumulates. By the time it reaches people who consume this food, the levels are higher than they originally were when they entered the environment.” Alvarez also discusses his new report on the vulnerabilities and hazards of stored spent fuel at U.S. reactors in the United States.

    Then we go to Tokyo to speak with Aileen Mioko Smith, executive director of the group Green Action. She says citizens leading their own monitoring efforts are calling for additional evacuations, especially for young children and pregnant women.

  • stephan_kstephan_k Juni 2011
    Die Japaner scheinen so langsam zu realisieren, was in ihrem Land vor sich geht.
    The nuclear accident at Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s Fukushima No. 1 plant in northeastern Japan undermined public trust in the safety of nuclear power generation, with the prospect diminishing of operations resuming at suspended plants.
    Restarting nuclear reactors requires the approval of local governments.
    Kansai Electric has suspended operations at four of its 11 reactors for regular inspections. Two more reactors will be halted by August.

    Interessanterweise fordern TEPCO-Aktionäre den Atomausstieg - Bei uns wäre das doch absolut unmöglich!!
    Tokyo, June 10 (Jiji Press)--A total of 402 shareholders of Tokyo Electric Power Co. have proposed the company end nuclear power generation, it said Friday.
    The proposal for TEPCO's general shareholders meeting, which it said will be held on June 28, calls on the company to include the withdrawal from nuclear power generation in its article of incorporation.
    At the shareholders meeting, the company will inevitably face tough questions about the ongoing crisis at its Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, which was damaged by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.
    TEPCO said in a statement that the shareholders claim the company should not escape from its responsibility for the nuclear crisis by saying the scale of the natural disaster was unforeseeable.
    The company should immediately abandon nuclear reactor operations that cause suffering to local communities and leave negative legacies to future generations, they insist.
  • AnonymousAnonymous Juni 2011
    Wisst Ihr eigentlich, was es für einen Japaner/Asiaten heisst, das Gesicht zu verlieren?
  • stephan_kstephan_k Juni 2011
    Sag es uns! Wie verliert ein Japaner das Gesicht?

    Ist es schon das weglassen der Krawatte? Oder das zugeben eines Fehlers bei der Datenerhebung? Oder das Eingeständnis, technologisch nicht unfehlbar zu sein?
    Ist es die Angst, wirtschaftlich einzubrechen?

    Ist es die Unfähigkeit, zuzugeben, dass eine Fläche von mehreren tausend Quadratkilometern gerade für die nächsten Generationen verseucht wurde?

    A Japanese government panel started discussions Friday about how to regenerate the agriculture, forestry and fisheries industries in areas hit hard by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami as well as the subsequent nuclear crisis. (...) The panel is now tasked to show a path toward full-fledged reconstruction of those areas. It will work out assistance measures including legal steps, and materialize plans to help restore trust in areas damaged by unscientific rumors about fallout from Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s <9501> crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant.

    Wer es zuerst zugibt, verliert das Gesicht? - Dann stünde es schlecht um Japan, denn um ein Problem zu meistern, muss man es zuerst erkennen (wollen). Genau deshalb fand ich die Forderung einiger TEPCO-Aktionäre nach einem Atomausstieg so bemerkenswert.
  • stephan_kstephan_k Juni 2011
    Young parents are moving away from towns near the Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant as areas of high radiation continue to be discovered, raising fears over the effects on young children. [...]

    Around 50 kilometers northwest of the power plant is Soma city’s Tamano district [...]

    “I can’t stop thinking about the power plant. I can’t smile or laugh with all my heart,” says Aki Ohashi, 30, tearfully as she cares for her children in her home here. She says that at a health checkup she was strongly recommended to have medical and psychiatric therapy. [...]

    A high-ranking Soma government official explained the slowness of the city’s response to evacuating citizens from the Ishida district, saying, “Since the national and prefectural governments had not designated the district for evacuation, we couldn’t actively encourage the residents to leave
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > Deutschlandradio Kultur · Ortszeit: Drei Monate danach - Japan gedenkt der Opfer der Katastrophe

    Drei Monate nach dem Erdbeben, dem Tsunami und der Atomkatastrophe hat Japan der Opfer gedacht. Bei einem Besuch in der nördlichen Provinz Iwate legte Ministerpräsident Naoto Kan eine Schweigeminute ein.

    3 Minuten Audiobeitrag
  • SileneSilene Juni 2011
    [New York Times] In Nuclear Crisis, Crippling Mistrust
    On the evening of March 12, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant’s oldest reactor had suffered a hydrogen explosion and risked a complete meltdown. Prime Minister Naoto Kan asked aides to weigh the risks of injecting seawater into the reactor to cool it down.

    At this crucial moment, it became clear that a prime minister who had built his career on suspicion of the collusive ties between Japan’s industry and bureaucracy was acting nearly in the dark. He had received a confusing risk analysis from the chief nuclear regulator, a fervently pro-nuclear academic whom aides said Mr. Kan did not trust. He was also wary of the company that operated the plant, given its history of trying to cover up troubles.

    Mr. Kan did not know that the plant manager had already begun using seawater. Based on a guess of the mood at the prime minister’s office, the company ordered the plant manager to stop.

    But the manager did something unthinkable in corporate Japan: he disobeyed the order and secretly continued using seawater, a decision that experts say almost certainly prevented a more serious meltdown and has made him an unlikely hero. [...]

    At the drama’s heart was an outsider prime minister who saw the need for quick action but whose well-founded mistrust of a system of alliances between powerful plant operators, compliant bureaucrats and sympathetic politicians deprived him of resources he could have used to make better-informed decisions.

    A onetime grass-roots activist, Mr. Kan struggled to manage the nuclear crisis because he felt he could not rely on the very mechanisms established by his predecessors to respond to such a crisis.

  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > Fearing radiation, family quits Japan

    Distrustful of official claims, a pregnant sister and her brothers head for Vancouver


    >Fishermen take matters into own hands

    Debate rages over whether to privatize local fisheries
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > POINT OF VIEW/ Satoshi Hamano: Disaster shows not everyone buys into Internet rumors

    Nicht auf Japan direkt bezogen. Jedoch hat er sehr recht. Schlechte und unzureichende Informationspolitik seitens staatlicher Stellen und privater Firmen sind die Ursache von Verunsicherung der Bevölkerung und dem Aufkommen von Gerüchten.
    Auch ist das Internet und für viele Personen, die sich darin bewegen, kein einseitiges Medium wie klassische Medien. Mit Medienkompetenz hinterfragen die Leute Informationen und der Quellen kritisch und holen sich aus verschiedenen Quellen unterschiedliche Standpunkte.
  • SileneSilene Juni 2011
    [NHK] Lawyers to form anti-nuclear national group
    Dozens of lawyers are set to form a national group next month in response to the nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant. They hope to file suits this autumn to demand the suspension of nuclear power plants across the country.
  • SileneSilene Juni 2011
    [Kyodo News] Writers, musicians aim to mobilize 50,000 for antinuclear rally
    Prominent writers and musicians will hold an antinuclear rally in Tokyo on Sept. 19, aiming to mobilize 50,000 people while collecting 10 million signatures for denuclearization, in the wake of the nuclear emergency at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant, organizers said Wednesday.
    The organizers of the rally at Tokyo's Meiji Park include Nobel Prize in Literature winner Kenzaburo Oe, popular musician Ryuichi Sakamoto and freelance journalist Satoshi Kamata.

    The Japan Congress Against A- and H-Bombs will also support the effort to seek abandonment of plans to construct new nuclear power plants and termination of the existing plants as well as spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plants.

    In a press conference in Tokyo, Hisae Sawachi, one of the organizers and a nonfiction writer, said, "We are informed of nothing (about the nuclear accident) even though we have the right to know, while lawmakers have devoted themselves to political games. I want to stop nuclear generations."

    Another organizer, Katsuto Uchihashi, an economic writer, said, "It is doubtful if the nuclear (promotion) policy leads to people's safety and happiness. I have determined I have to raise voices against it now."
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > 100 Tage nach dem Erdbeben: In Japan herrscht politischer Stillstand

    Der Artikel ist nichts neues wenn man die letzten Wochen verfolgt hat.
    Man kann ihn jedoch an Leute weiter schicken, die sich nur im "deutschen Internet" aufhalten. :)
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > More than 80 per cent of Japanese want nuclear reactors scrapped

    Tokyo - More than 80 per cent of Japanese want the country's 54 nuclear reactors scrapped in the wake of this year's nuclear disaster at the Fukushima plant, a poll showed Sunday.

    According to the poll, conducted by a nationwide opinion survey body organized by Kyodo News, 82 per cent wanted the reactors to be decommissioned either gradually or immediately, while just 14 per cent said the operations should continue, reflecting the public's mounting distrust of nuclear energy.

    The country has 54 nuclear reactors including six at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. The plant was severely damaged by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami and has since leaked radioactive substances into the environment.

    Of the 82 per cent, 9 per cent said the reactors should be decommissioned immediately while 19 per cent wanted scrapping to start with ones undergoing periodic inspection.

    Ninety-four per cent said they were 'deeply' or 'to some extent' concerned about the safety of nuclear power plants after the crisis. Just 43 per cent said they had felt the same way beforehand.

    Meanwhile, 84 per cent said Japan should rely more on renewable energy sources such as solar and wind, followed by 45 per cent who wanted more hydraulic power generation and 31 per cent who wanted more natural gas. Only 7 per cent said the country should depend more on nuclear power.

  • SileneSilene Juni 2011
    [Mainichi News] 'You try living in Fukushima,' governor tells TEPCO president in verbal dressing-down
    "You will understand nothing about what's really going on just by visiting for two or three hours," [Prefectural Gov. Yuhei] Sato told TEPCO President Masataka Shimizu and his projected successor Toshio Nishizawa during a meeting in the governor's office in the Fukushima Prefectural Office on June 21. "You try living in Fukushima for 100 days or so."

    The pair of TEPCO executives made no reply, only hanging their heads in shame.

    The meeting lasted only about 10 minutes, during which Shimizu said, "We have brought distrust upon nuclear power as a whole, and terrible trouble to everyone in society."
  • http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/23_30.html

    "Da könnte ja jeder kommen und ein Verfahren anstrengen"
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > INTERVIEW/ Tadashi Maeda: Japan should nationalize all nuclear power plants

    Tadashi Maeda, an adviser to Prime Minister Naoto Kan, has proposed the nationalization of all nuclear power plants in Japan as a means to secure the long-term viability of atomic energy.

  • TimTim Juni 2011
    > More local governments demand safety agreements with nuclear plant operators

    Local governments outside the immediate vicinity of nuclear power plants are increasing their demands for a say in the operations and the safety of the reactors. But electric utilities continue to largely ignore such requests, saying central government guidelines are sufficient.

  • SileneSilene Juni 2011
    [Mainichi News] High school students in Fukushima take independent radiation measurements
    While some people criticize the school for having students conduct radiation monitoring, their 52-year-old teacher has refuted such an idea, saying, "Students can act properly, such as avoiding places where radiation doses are high, by studying what's happening to their living environment on their own."

    "We want to give our knowledge back to local residents by examining various case studies," said Moe Sato, 16, a second-grade student at the school.
  • MitleserMitleser Juni 2011
    Kan drückt vor Rücktritt staatliche Hilfsgelder durch.


    Was mich beschäftigt, sind allerdings weniger die Hilfsgelder. Warum eigentlich Rücktritt? Eine vernünftige Begründung dafür habe ich noch nirgends gefunden. Außer, dass er eine recht genaue Vorstellung hat, was Japan und dem japanischen Volk noch bevorsteht und keine Lust hat, sich darum zu kümmern. Das scheint die fatale Seite der japanischen Konsensgesellschaft zu sein- Verantwortungslosigkeit als System. Der Vorstandsvorsitzende von TEPCO ist ja auch einfach zurückgetreten, wie praktisch. Die Kapitäne verlassen das sinkende Schiff. Wie müssen sich japanische Wähler fühlen, wenn die Politiker sich davor drücken, Entscheidungen zu treffen und das Krisenmanagement in der vermutlich größten Umweltkatastrophe der Industriegeschichte dem Verursacher überlassen? Die Leute können einem echt nur leid tun. Dieser Rücktritt, bzw. auf jeden Fall die Art und Weise dieses Rücktritts ist eine Bankrotterklärung für die japanische Demokratie.
  • AnonymousAnonymous Juni 2011
    @ Mitleser

    Warum eigentlich Rücktritt?

    Weil er vehement gedraengt wird zurueckzutreten. Von der Opposition, von vielen in der eigenen Partei. Ich glaube auch von den Medien, von Umfragen. In Umfragen wird aber selten nach neuen Kandidaten gefragt, wer in der Lage waere bessere Politik zu machen.
    Am 1. Juni ueberstand Kan ein Misstrauensvotum.


    Bemerkenswert ist vielleicht, dass es ein Misstrauensvotum in Japan nicht konstruktiv sein muss, im Gegensatz zu Deutschland, wo das nicht zulaessig ist.
  • AnonymousAnonymous Juni 2011

    >Renewable energy sources are drawing increased attention as Prime Minister Naoto Kan has demanded that a bill requiring power suppliers buy solar- and wind-generated electricity be passed into law as a precondition for stepping down.<<br />
  • AnonymousAnonymous Juni 2011
    aus Prime Minister Kan's Blog:

    >...I myself have also had the intention to promote renewable natural energies over the past 30 years.<


    Ich glaube, dass potentielle Nachfolger weniger als Kan fuer einen Wechsel in der Energiepolitik eintreten wuerden/werden.
  • TimTim Juni 2011
    Die Situation ist nicht einfach nachzuvollziehen.

    Soweit ich es beurteilen kann, muss man die Dominanz der LDP (Kan ist von der DPJ) der letzten 60 Jahre in Japan miteinbeziehen, welchen politischen Hintergrund und welche Überzeugungen Kan hat und die Situation vor Fukushima. Stichworte:
    Deflation über ein Jahrzehnt, Rücktritt seines Vorgängers kurz nach Regierungsübernahme der DPJ 2009, die innerparteiliche Situation, seine Spendenaffäre, der Einfluss der USA, China, der wirtschaftlichen Kreise und der LDP.

    Aktuell sind weite Teile der Bevölkerung von der Handhabung der Krise durch die Regierung enttäuscht. Kan und seine Partei sind angetreten um die verfilzte Bürokratie aufzubrechen. Scheinbar konnte/wollte Kan sich daher nicht nach den Ereignissen auf deren Spezialisten und Strukturen verlassen. Daraus wird unter anderem eine schlechte Bewältigung abgeleitet. Sicher auch von den widersprüchlichen Informationen, den verzögerten Veröffentlichungen und man darf nicht vergessen, es gibt neben Fukushima noch das Erdbeben und den Tsunami - dort ist wohl einiges auch nicht rund gelaufen.
    Wobei die Bevölkerungen die Vergangenheit bei den Ursachen vielleicht teilweise etwas die Hintergründe ausklammert (LDP, Energiemonopole, sehr großer Einfluss der Konzerne).

    Um die Situation wirklich gut beurteilen zu können, müsste man sich wohl die letzten Jahrzehnte intensiv mit japanischer Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und der Energiewirtschaft beschäftigt haben.
  • MitleserMitleser Juni 2011
    Dass sein Rücktritt von diversen Seiten gefordert wird, weiß ich. Aber das Misstrauensvotum hat er sicher auch deshalb überstanden, weil sich aktuell niemand um den Job reißt. Vieles am Krisenmanagement der Regierung ist fragwürdig bis skandalös (z.B. Evakuierungen, Information der Öffentlichkeit). Aber ich denke, der Grund ist einfach das Ausmaß der Katastrophe. Das überfordert jeden Staat (würde auch unseren überfordern) und jede politische Elite.

    @Anonymous Carl: Wenn es ihm wirklich ernst wäre mit einer Energiewende dann müsste er sagen: Dafür stehe ich, und wenn ihr das nicht wollt, wählt mich ab. So wirkt das, genau wie jetzt die Hilfsgelder, eher wie ein Alibi für einen gesichtswahrenden Abschied.

    @Tim. Danke für die Erläuterungen. Schon vor längerer Zeit habe ich die Äußerung eines japanischen Intellektuellen gelesen (weiß leider nicht mehr wer und wo), der sinngemäß sagte: Jetzt nach Fukushima muss die japanische Gesellschaft sich von diesen lähmenden Strukturen befreien und sich ändern. Und wenn ihr das jetzt nicht gelingt, wird es nie gelingen. Ich verstehe langsam, was er meint.
  • TimTim Juni 2011

    Schwer zu sagen von außen. Laut der Berichte hätte das Misstrauensvotum Erfolg gehabt, hätte Kan nicht einen baldigen Rücktritt angeboten (oder zugestimmt?).
    Kann es nicht beurteilen, jedoch scheinen einige Veränderungen die Kan nach Fukushima auf den Weg bringt, nicht (nur) ein "Alibi" zu sein (Trennung von NISA und METI, Kompensationen für Betroffene von Fukushima, Aufbrechen der regionalen Energiemonopole, (viel?) stärkere Einbeziehung und Förderung von regenerativen Energiequellen).
  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [EX-SKF] Radiation: Like an Angel's Smile
    A medical doctor in Koriyama City in Fukushima Prefecture has a cheerful message about radiation exposure after the Fukushima I Nuke Plant accident. [...]

    The doctor has a slide presentation on radiation in Fukushima Prefecture on his website and this is his conclusion:

    Conclusion: A small radiation is good for your health
    There are two sides to radiation.
    Small dose: Like an angel's smile (even at 50 millisieverts/year)
    Large dose in short time: Like a devil's violence
    From now on, the number of cancer patients in Fukushima will decrease.
    Food items with a small amount of radiation will fetch "premium".
    Fukushima Prefecture will be the Number One health land in Japan, and people will flock to Fukushima.
    Our future is bright.

    Like Disneyland, I suppose. [...]
    Still, the doctor thinks that the community should do everything to protect children. His suggestion? Surround them with lead panels that will block radiation. (Lead poisoning anyone?)

    What we can do for children:
    Remove surface soil from schoolyards.
    Put up lead panels on classroom walls.
    Shorten the commute time to and from school.
    Drive children to school, and school should allow cars inside the school gate.
    Shield children's room in the house with lead.
    Shield children's bed with lead.
    If these measures cannot avoid 1 millisievert/year radiation exposure, then consider relocating children.

    Handelt es sich hier nur um einen Fall von kognitiver Dissonanz?
    Oder um Dr. Seltsam?

  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [Mainichi News] City in Fukushima, state battle over hot spots for recommended evacuation
    After protracted negotiations, the city of Date in Fukushima Prefecture and the central government have reached a compromise deal under which 113 households have been designated as or surrounded by radioactive hot spots due to the ongoing crisis at the Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant and have been advised to evacuate. [...]

    Date Mayor Shoji Nishida said, "We did not want a mandatory designation from the start. We favor a moderate system."

    [Mainichi News] Residents in radiation 'hot spots' uneasy after evacuation recommendation
    Residents in the Fukushima Prefecture city of Date, where 113 households were placed under a special evacuation recommendation on June 30 following the discovery of radiation "hot spots," have been left confused about whether they should leave.
  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [Asahi Shimbun] Hosono gets nuke accident portfolio, not much support
    Prime Minister Naoto Kan handed Goshi Hosono a big job--state minister in charge of the accident at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant--but he didn't give him much to do it with, a small staff and even less autonomy.

    One major hurdle is Banri Kaieda, the minister of economy, trade and industry. In charge of nuclear energy policy, he is determined not to give up any authority. [...]

    In instructions Kan passed on to Hosono, the new minister was told his main responsibilities were: 1) resolving the accident at the nuclear power plant; 2) implementing measures to prevent a recurrence, including organizational changes; and 3) coordinating efforts to monitor the environment for radiation and to check on the health of workers at the plant. [...]

    One reason Kan appointed Hosono as a state minister under the Cabinet Office independent from the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) is because, as he told close aides, "There is fierce resistance from the electric power industry and METI." [...]

    Hosono has tried to stress the importance of his independence as state minister. "Because I am not directly connected to a specific ministry such as METI, I will be able to make various political decisions," he said.

    However, because of the insufficient staffing and lack of legal authority, one source at the Prime Minister's Official Residence cast doubt on what Hosono could actually achieve.

    "Even if Hosono drew up a blueprint, the prime minister will end up giving instructions to Kaieda," the source said. "If that is the case, was there any point in appointing a state minister in the first place?"
  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Nomadomura : A Letter from Japan

    11. März 2011, 14.46 Uhr Ortszeit. Ein Erdbeben der Stärke 9,0 auf der Richterskala erschüttert die Erde der japanischen Region Thoku. Kurze Zeit darauf zerstört ein vom Beben ausgelöster 10 Meter hoher Tsunami die östlichen Küstenregionen Japan und es kommt zu massiven Unfällen in mehreren Atomkraftwerken, insbesondere in Fukushima. Die in Japan lebenden Filmemacher Ayako Mogi und Werner Penzel öffnen unter den Eindrücken der dreifachen Katastrophe mit einem Aufruf per Internet ein altes Schulhaus auf der Insel Awaji-Shima, 800 km südlich des Katastrophengebiets, für Flüchtlinge. Hier betreiben sie seit 2009 ein Kulturprojekt namens "Nomadomura", zu Deutsch "Nomadendorf". Ein Name, der plötzlich eine neue Bedeutung bekommt. / Von Max Penzel und Werner Penzel. Produktion Nomadomura & Werner Penzel 2011

    Die 60 Minuten Audio:

    Die 13 Minuten Video:
  • ProsperoProspero Juli 2011
    Sorry für die mehr emotionalen Beiträge –
    aber beide haben mich sehr berührt.
    Die Kommentare zum Selbstmord sind auch sehr lesenswert!

    Fleeing crisis takes deadly toll on elderly / 77 Fukushima evacuees died within 3 mths

    Woman living in Fukushima shelter burns herself to death in apparent suicide
  • engeng Juli 2011
    Es gab in Japan über 15.000 Tote und über 7.000 Personen gelten als vermisst ...
    Das hat man durch die Atomkraftwerke eigentlich schnell vergessen ...
  • ProsperoProspero Juli 2011
    Leider hat man es - gerade hier in Europa - schnell vergessen... es musste schnell Politik gemacht werden. cui bono?

    Ich möchte Euch diesen kreativen japanischen Umgang mit der Bedeutung von Fukushima für Japan präsentieren
    Rankin & Dub Ainu Band "You can't see it, and you can't smell it either "

  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [EX-SKF] This Is the New Japanese Minister in Charge of Recovery and Reconstruction
    [Speaking to the news reporters in the room] Oh my last remark is off the record, understand? Everyone. Understand? If any of you dare write it, that will be end of your company. [...]
    There is no way to convey the sense of what he said to the governor of Miyagi. Japanese language has several modes of speech from super-vulgar to super-polite. While there are English equivalents in more polite forms of speech, the base language used by him cannot be fully translated without adding extremely rude and vulgar interjections. For example, his first word to the governor would be more like "Get the consensus, you piece of sh-t."
  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [NHK] Matsumoto submits resignation
    Newly appointed reconstruction minister Ryu Matsumoto has submitted his resignation to Prime Minister Naoto Kan. The move comes after a series of remarks angered survivors in the disaster-hit areas in northeastern Japan.
  • JorindeJorinde Juli 2011
    [NHK] : http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/society.html

    Govt to conduct stress tests at all nuclear plants

    Japan's government plans to conduct stress tests at all of the country's nuclear power plants on the initiative of Prime Minister Naoto Kan.

    Kan on Tuesday night instructed industry minister Banri Kaieda to conduct the tests. Kaieda announced the plan on Wednesday morning.

    The tests are to be carried out in response to concerns expressed by residents around nuclear plants that are still not operating after regular inspections.

    The tests are to be modeled on simulations introduced by the European Union for its nuclear power plants following the Fukushima nuclear accident.

    The EU's tests were designed to determine the plants' ability to withstand stress such as that from massive earthquakes and tsunamis.

    The tests also assess plants' preparedness for serious situations such as loss of all power and reactor cooling systems.

    Japan's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, overseen by the industry ministry, says the safety of Japan's nuclear plants has been secured, and that the planned tests are only for assuring local residents.

    But local governments are expected to delay their decisions on allowing utility firms to resume operations of suspended nuclear reactors until the tests and assessments are completed.

    Wednesday, July 06, 2011 20:35 +0900 (JST)

    Na, das wurde ja dann mal Zeit - better late than never...
  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Wie die Japaner mit der Gefahr der Strahlenbelastung umgehen

    Medien: Fukushima-Betreiberfirma Tepco soll zerschlagen werden

    Nach der Katastrophe in Fukushima harren im Nordosten Japansl immer noch viele Menschen in Notunterkünften aus. Jetzt prüfen die Behörden, ob ein Teil der Evakuierten nach Hause zurückkehren kann. Derweil droht Energieriese Tepco, Betreiber von Fukushima, eine teilweise Verstaatlichung.

    3:20 Audiobeitrag

  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [Asahi Shimbun] INTERVIEW/ Ulrich Beck: System of organized irresponsibility behind the Fukushima crisis
    Q: In Japan, many political and business leaders say this catastrophe was caused by a natural disaster that went beyond the imagination.

    A: I think it is a mistake, categorically a mistake, because the decision to build an atomic industry in the area of an earthquake is a political decision; it's not done by nature. It's a political decision, which has to be justified in the public and which has been taken by parliament, by businesses and so on.

    After the earthquake of Lisbon (in the 18th century), all over Europe, all the big intellectual philosophers were discussing: If God is a vision of reason and is some good power to men, how could God make this possible, this kind of catastrophe?

    But now it's not God who is being accused and held accountable.

    Therefore, I think industries try to define it as something which has been done by nature. But they don't realize that we are living in an age where the decision making is the primary background for these kinds of catastrophes.

    I think it's very important to realize this because modernity, or even what you could say is the victory of modernity, produces more and more uncontrollable consequences.

    And we have a system of organized irresponsibility: Nobody really is responsible for those consequences. We have a system of organized irresponsibility, and this system has to be changed. [...]

    Q: So we lack a system that can resolve the problem?

    A: We are still thinking in terms of the 19th century. But there's a historical mistake in thinking in those terms. Let me give you an example to explain it to you.

    In some village in Bavaria, there were some factories, chemical factories. And smoke came out of the chimneys of many factories and destroyed the village. You couldn't even see it; it was a very simple. It seemed to be a very simple case. And of course the farmers and the villagers went to court and tried to get compensation.

    And then the judge said: "Well, I can see your case. But the problem is I have to prove that there's only one person who is responsible for it. And since there are many factories, I couldn't name one person."

    So there was no compensation.

    Let me give you another example. How many people died from Chernobyl? There are (estimates) from 40 persons or 50 persons to more than a million. And why is this happening? Because statistics and causal norms are not prepared for these kinds of long-term consequences. Even people who are hurt by the Chernobyl accident have not been born yet.

    And whole institutions are actually still designed for those small accidents and not for these kinds of catastrophic dimensions.

    It's like people are on board an airplane for which there is no landing strip, or they are actually using the brake of a bicycle in an airplane.

    Q: In Japan, there are now problems over compensation for nuclear disaster damages.

    A: I'm talking about a principle, which is actually the basis of capitalism. Atomic energy and atomic industries are, let's say, socialist industries because the state, the population, the citizens are paying if something goes wrong.

    And actually, this is a contradiction to capitalism and the market economy. We have the same discussion actually in relation to the banking system; it's quite similar. Actually, the banks should take care of possible crises, and maybe they should have an insurance principle as well. But they don't, so actually the state has to take it. This is socialism; this is state socialism.
  • ProsperoProspero Juli 2011
    Stresstest - da liebe ich die Österreicher, die schauen schon genauer http://diepresse.com/home/panorama/welt/677098/AKW_Testen-und-Taeuschen-in-Japan?_vl_backlink=/home/panorama/welt/index.do
    in die Tiefen der AKW-Sicherheits-/Politik-/ Betreiber-Netzwerke

    „Untersucht werden soll die Standfestigkeit gegen Erdbeben und Tsunami.... Wenn nicht einmal klar ist, wer und wann, vor allem aber was genau getestet wird, spricht vieles für eine Beruhigungsspritze....Da Japan internationale Experten nicht zulässt, stammen die „Stress-Experten“ offenbar aus der Nisa. Es hat sich aber durch andauerndes Vertuschen der tatsächlichen Gefahren für die meisten Japaner hinlänglich erwiesen, dass diese staatliche Aufsicht ihren Namen nicht wirklich verdient. Sie gehört als Behörde zum Industrieministerium, einem der stärksten Befürworter für die „Unverzichtbarkeit von Atomstrom“ für Japan.
    Kaum ein Japaner weiß, dass die Nisa sogar personell mit Tepco verbandelt ist. Derzeit wirken in der Aufsichtsbehörde mindestens 80Mitarbeiter, die zuvor Angestellte des Versorgers waren. Im Gegenzug delegierte das Ministerium Beamte, die sich für den Ausbau der Atomenergie eingesetzt hatten, nach deren Pensionierung auf lukrative Posten in der Stromindustrie, unter anderen zu Tepco“.
    Siehe auch
  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Die Last der Evakuierung - Aus der Sendereihe "Fukushima und die Folgen" | Forschung Aktuell | Deutschlandfunk

    5 Minuten Audiobeitrag.

    Manche Aussagen der WHO Mitarbeiterin verwundern jedoch etwas, wie
    "Unnötige Maßnahmen wie weitreichende Ausfuhrverbote konnten verhindert werden"

    Danach wird es sehr interessant. Besonders am Ende..
  • JorindeJorinde Juli 2011
    Mainichi News meldet Uneinigkeiten bei japanischer Anti-Atom-Bewegung:

    Japan antinuke groups divided on nuclear power generation

    TOKYO (Kyodo) -- Opposition to nuclear power generation among the Japanese public has risen enormously in the wake of the crisis at the Fukushima No. 1 power plant, but two major groups which in the past campaigned vocally against nuclear weapons have played little part in the growing movement.

    While many people have taken to the streets calling for the suspension of nuclear reactors, the traditional antinuclear groups -- whose members have been deeply divided over economic issues related to atomic power generation -- have not led any of the protests.

    One of the groups, the Japan Congress Against A- and H-Bombs, decided to hold the opening ceremony of its annual convention in Fukushima for the first time since its establishment in 1965, preparing a new slogan: "Humans and atomic power cannot coexist."

    But leaders of the congress are not confident that some of its longtime members and other participants in the July 31-Aug. 11 convention will support the new slogan.

    One of the organizers of the convention is the Japanese Trade Union Confederation, the country's largest labor union federation which includes power utilities and nuclear reactor manufacturers unions, both proponents of nuclear power plants.
    In this March 20, 2011 aerial file photo taken by a small unmanned drone and released by Air Photo Service, the crippled Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant is seen in Okumamachi, Fukushima prefecture. From top to bottom: Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3 and Unit 4. (AP Photo/Air Photo Service)
    In this March 20, 2011 aerial file photo taken by a small unmanned drone and released by Air Photo Service, the crippled Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant is seen in Okumamachi, Fukushima prefecture. From top to bottom: Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3 and Unit 4. (AP Photo/Air Photo Service)

    The head of the confederation addresses key gatherings of the convention in Hiroshima and Nagasaki every year but has never mentioned the issue of nuclear power plants.

    An official of the congress said, "This year we cannot go without mentioning the nuclear plant issue...But the convention could turn out to be chaotic."

    Another antinuclear organization, the Japan Council against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs, has yet to decide either how to address the issue of nuclear power generation ahead of many events commemorating the 66th anniversary of U.S. atomic bombings this summer.

    In postwar Japan, the military use and nonmilitary use of atomic power have been treated as completely separate issues, even though both can cause serious radiation-induced health problems.

    While choosing not to use or possess a nuclear arsenal, the Japanese government promoted nuclear power before the Fukushima crisis and public, including atomic-bomb survivors, had in general accepted atomic power plants.

    Even people in Hiroshima, including atomic-bomb survivors, were said to have been very enthusiastic about the use of atomic power technologies for "peaceful" purposes aimed at helping rebuild and economically rejuvenate the war-torn country after World War II.
    In this image released Saturday, April 16, 2011, by Tokyo Electric Power Co., top of the container of the nuclear reactor, painted in yellow, of Unit 4 at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant is observed from its side with a T-Hawk drone Friday, April 15, 2011 in Okuma, Fukushima Prefecture, northeastern Japan. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)
    In this image released Saturday, April 16, 2011, by Tokyo Electric Power Co., top of the container of the nuclear reactor, painted in yellow, of Unit 4 at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant is observed from its side with a T-Hawk drone Friday, April 15, 2011 in Okuma, Fukushima Prefecture, northeastern Japan. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)

    "There was no substantive discussion" of whether the use of atomic power for nonmilitary purposes was the right thing to do, Toshiyuki Tanaka, professor at Hiroshima Peace Institute, said.

    "It is unthinkable today ... but there was an image of hope and dreams in nuclear power," said Kota Kiya, secretary general of a Hiroshima group of atomic survivors.

    In 1956, only 11 years after the atomic bombing, the Hiroshima city government and a U.S. government entity among others organized an exhibition promoting U.S. nuclear power technologies at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, completed a year earlier near ground zero.

    The exhibition attracted around 110,000 visitors in Hiroshima and showcased models of a nuclear reactor and nuclear-powered ship, as well as a presentation on use of radiation for cancer treatment.

    Kiya was a teenager at the time. He recalls that the city of Hiroshima was filled with slogans and activities related to the promotion of nuclear power. The manga "Tetsuwan (Mighty) Atom," widely known as "Astro Boy" overseas, was becoming popular at that time.

    In Nagasaki as well, the public accepted the campaign for the "peaceful" use of atomic power. A group comprised of atomic bombing survivors said in its declaration in August 1956, "Our only hope is that atomic power, which could lead humanity into destruction and annihilation will be used in the direction for human happiness and prosperity."

    Ichiro Moritaki, a deceased antinuclear activist who drafted the declaration, said in his book, "I'm so ashamed of myself and feel like crawling into a hole and dieing. I fantasized that if such great power were used for peaceful means it could open the door to a wonderful future."
    In this March 15, 2011 photo released by Tokyo Electric Power Co., smoke rises from the badly damaged Unit 3 reactor, left, next to the Unit 4 reactor covered by an outer wall at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear complex in Okuma, northeastern Japan. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)
    In this March 15, 2011 photo released by Tokyo Electric Power Co., smoke rises from the badly damaged Unit 3 reactor, left, next to the Unit 4 reactor covered by an outer wall at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear complex in Okuma, northeastern Japan. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)

    Both Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui and Nagasaki Mayor Tomihisa Taue are preparing peace declarations they will read out during the annual ceremonies of the atomic bomb attacks slated for Aug. 6 and 9, respectively, on the back of increasing concerns over radiation from the Fukushima crisis.

    But they are unlikely to state clearly that the cities are opposed to nuclear power generation, people involved in drafting the declarations said.

    (Mainichi Japan) July 13, 2011

  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [Guardian] Fukushima cleanup recruits 'nuclear gypsies' from across Japan
    Thousands of engineers and labourers have been lured by higher wages and a sense of duty

    Lesenswerter Hintergrundbericht, der die Situation der einfachen Arbeiter auf dem Werksgelände beleuchtet.
  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Deutschland will Japan bei Atomausstieg beraten

    Beauftragter des Auswärtigen Amtes: "Parallele Interessenlagen"
    Hans Daerr im Gespräch mit Ute Welty

    Der Beauftrage des Auswärtigen Amts für die Japan-Hilfe, Hans-Joachim Daerr, will das krisengeschüttelte Land beim Umbau der Energieversorgung auf regenerative Energien unterstützen. Deutschland habe Japan schon immer Austausch, Beratung und Hilfe angeboten.

    7 Minuten Audiobeitrag

    Der Gesprächspartner scheint dem "Atomausstieg" sehr kritisch gegenüber zu stehen.
    Trotzdem interessant.

  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Mehr Solarstrom für Japan

    Der Reaktorunfall in Fukushima hat anscheinend eine Kehrtwende der japanischen Regierung ausgelöst. Premierminister Naoto Kan kündigte an, dass das Land ohne Atomenergie auskommen solle - sah allerdings wohlweislich davon ab, einen Termin dafür zu nennen.

    Die Stromversorgung in Japan ruht derzeit vor allem auf zwei Pfeilern: den fossilen Energieträgern wie Kohle, Öl und Gas, sowie Uran. 10 Stromversorger betreiben 54 Atomkraftwerke; sie decken damit rund 30 Prozent des Stromverbrauchs.

    Derzeit kämpft die Regierung mit den Auswirkungen des Erdbebens, des Tsunamis und der Atomkatastrophe auf die Stromversorgung. Die Tohoku und Kanto Regionen mussten ihren Stromverbrauch senken und Stromabschaltungen hin nehmen. Und das, obwohl der Löwenanteil der japanischen Kraftwerke nicht von den Katastrophen betroffen waren. Dass trotzdem im Nordosten der Strom rationiert werden musste, liegt an zwei Besonderheiten Japans. Sönke Gäthke berichtet.

    4 Minuten Audiobeitrag
  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Spur der Radioaktivität

    Strahlenbiologie. - In Fukushima wurde der Großteil der radioaktiven Stoffe aufs Meer hinausgeweht, nur ein Teil ging aber auch über der Hauptinsel Honshu nieder. Welche Folgen das für Natur und Menschen haben wird, können die Experten im Moment nur abschätzen.

    4 Minuten Audiobeitrag

  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Japan Operator Shutting Down Nuclear Reactor After Malfunction

    Key part:
    It also worsens an electricity shortage that has forced several utilities in Japan to require companies to reduce their use by at least 15 percent.
  • SileneSilene Juli 2011
    [NHK] Lawyers join hands to stop nuclear power plants
    Over 50 lawyers from 20 prefectures that host nuclear plants convened in Tokyo on Saturday.

    They decided to file a lawsuit to stop the resumption of reactor 1 at the Oi plant in Fukui Prefecture, which is about to be taken offline because of a malfunction. They will also file to prevent the restart of reactor 1 at the Takahama plant, which is undergoing regular inspections.

    The lawyers intend to launch a procedure in autumn to stop the construction of the Oma plant in Aomori Prefecture. The project has been suspended since the March 11th disaster.

    Similar lawsuits have been rejected in the past, as courts ruled that safety measures did not present any flaws.

    The lawyers argue that the government's current guidelines are seriously compromised, because they do not require plant design to assume an extended interruption of power supply.
  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Japan needs more than Kan's bravado to create truly new, viable energy policy

    > Errors in nuclear plant data highlight checking system insufficiencies

    Zwei interessante Kommentare.
  • TimTim Juli 2011
    > Nuclear agency: reactor restart months away

    Japan's nuclear watchdog says it will take months to complete safety tests on the country's idled nuclear reactors. It says it is unlikely that any of the reactors will resume operating this summer.

    The Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency made the comment on Saturday, one day after it ordered power utilities to conduct stress tests in an attempt to ease public concern about the safety of nuclear power.

    The tests use computer simulations to assess how well nuclear power plants can withstand emergencies such as earthquakes and tsunamis.

    The agency said that it will take months for the utilities to report the results of the first phase of the 2-stage tests.

    The first phase targets reactors that have been halted for regular safety checks. At least 22 nuclear reactors, about 40 percent of Japan's total, are subject to it.

  • TimTim Juli 2011
    Auch eine unpassende Überschrift.. trotzdem interessant:

    > '70s activist foresaw nuclear disaster

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